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Fallen Arches?

Nov 07, 2022

What Are Fallen Arches?

Flat feet are a usually painless condition where the arches on the inside of your feet are completely collapsed arches so that the entire sole of your feet touch the floor when standing. 

Flat feet can develop after an injury to the foot, such as a ligament, tendon or muscle tear, or as a result of arthritis or they may develop because the condition runs in the family. 

People with flat feet can often complain of their feet rolling inwards when walking or a feeling of their foot collapsing. 


Flat feet can cause a whole load of symptoms, from experiencing pain in the foot, heels, arch, calves, the shin, the knee, the hip and into the lower back or they may find it hard to stand on their tippy toes.


What Are The Symptoms Of Fallen Arches?

The most common symptom of flat feet is pain in the feet. This can occur as a result of strained muscles and connecting ligaments.

Abnormal stresses on the knee and hip may result in pain in these joints. These stresses are likely if the ankles turn inward.

Pain most commonly affects the following parts of the body:

inside ankle, alongside possible swelling of:

  • arch of the foot
  • calf
  • knee
  • hip
  • lower back
  • lower legs

One or both feet may also feel stiff.

Flat feet can also cause an uneven distribution of body weight. This may result in shoes wearing down unevenly or more quickly than usual, especially on one side, which can lead to further injuries.



Common causes of flat feet include:

  • genetic factors, as flat feet can pass from parents to children in the genes
  • weak arches, meaning that the arch is visible when a person sits but the foot flattens onto the ground when they stand
  • foot or ankle injury
  • arthritis of rheumatoid arthritis
  • damage, dysfunction, or rupture of the posterior tibial tendon
  • nervous system or muscle diseases, such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or spina bifida

People are more likely to develop flat feet if they have obesity or diabetes. Flat feet are also more common during pregnancy.

Flat feet can develop with age too. Daily use of the feet can cause the posterior tibial tendon to weaken. This tendon is the primary support structure for the foot arch.



Anyone with the following symptoms should seek advice from a podiatrist:

  • flat feet that have only developed recently.
  • pain in the feet, ankles, or lower limbs.
  • symptoms that do not improve with supportive, well-fitted shoes.
  • one or both feet becoming more flat
  • the feet feeling rigid, stiff, and heavy


How do I know If I need Treatment?

In some cases, your Podiatrist would check your foot mechanics. If your foot mechanics are actually functioning normally, then you may not need extensive treatment. We all have different faces! So, we all should have different feet. Some arches are really high and some are really low BUT, if the foot is functioning in an optimal way. Then treatment may not be needed. Speak to a Podiatrist to determine if your foot mechanics are reaching their potential.


What Treatment Is Available For Fallen Arches?

The treatment is simple for flat feet. We will carry out a biomechanical assessment and assess your full history, often alongside a Gait Analysis to give us an idea of how the foot is compensating. 


What will treatment achieve?

We would be aiming to:

  • Control how the foot hits the ground
  • Support the middle of the foot and prevent the arch collapsing
  • Promote normal movement in the front of the foot

The ability to do this will be dictated by the movement within the foot to start with.

Treatment for all the above problems are often combined with manual therapy in order to help develop a stretching and strengthening programme in order to allow normal function when your orthotics have been prescribed.

In 95% of cases, orthotics will reduce symptoms by at least 85%. We will work with the other 5% to get them to this level.

If you are worried about fallen arches or have any questions then just simply give us a call on 📞01 9012009


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